1861 The Railways of the Russian Empire - english edition
Railways came late to Russia. The Tsarskoye-Selo railway was an experiment which opened in 1837, and the Warsaw-Vienna opened in 1842 as a joint venture with the Austrians. The first proper railway in Russia wasn't opened until 1851: the state-financed Moscow-St. Petersburg (later renamed the Nikolaev). The Russian government was much more interested in waterways, and foreign investers were put off by the vast distances and weak economy. The Crimean War (1854-5) changed many things. It was realised that railways were a vital military resource as well as an impetus for economic growth. The government raised capital by selling the Nikolaev and a large tract of worthless land (Alaska), and used this money to subsidise the construction of railways.
|Autor:||Ian D. Wilson|